|17 Year Old|
Brittanee Drexel disappeared in 2009 while on Spring Break.
In the Dr. Phil Show, Dr. Phil gave Peter Brozowitz an open ended opportunities to say "I didn't do it" and he comes across obnoxious, high minded, and used distancing and calloused language regarding Brittanee, 17.
Is it: Guilty knowledge, or just an obnoxious 20 year old?
The truly innocent (not just judicially) will say "I didn't do it" early and often. They will produce the pronoun, "I", along with the past tense verb "did not" or the casual, "didn't" and then address whatever issue is being raised in the interview.
"I didn't cause Brittanee's disappearance" is the simplest and easiest of statements. A de facto innocent will not hesitate to produce the pronoun "I" in the denial. He may say "would never" but only in correlation with "didn't" or "did not."
A reliable denial has three (3) components. If the denial has 2, or more than 3, it is "unreliable."
I. The use of the pronoun "I"
II. The past tense verb, "did not" or "didn't"
III. The specific allegation
Examples of unreliable denials;
"Didn't do it"
"I would never harm her"
"I have no idea"
"I didn't do nothing"
Regarding the statements by Peter Brozowitz, he was unwilling or unable to, during the course of the video, to bring himself to say "I didn't do it" even though Dr. Phil asked him if he wanted to say something to "set the record straight."
Brozowitz did not issue a reliable denial. It is sometimes difficult to get law enforcement to accept this principle, as it appears too simplistic, which is why Dillingham's research on law enforcement scoring poorly in detecting deception is so well evidenced and exampled.
Typically, a newspaper headline will say "So and So Denies Allegation..." but in the statements, there is no denial.
Statement Analysis does not interpret: it listens.
Statement Analysis Principle:
If someone is unable or unwilling to say "I didn't do it", we are not permitted to say it for him.
There are not enough statements from him to make a conclusion about guilt or innocence.
1. He did not issue reliable denial.
2. He gave insult to the victim "not a babysitter" regarding the 17 year old. Disparaging the victim is a red flag for guilt. We don't hang our hat on just one indicator, but when taken along with his other statements, particularly avoiding the reliable denial, it is very concerning.
When a denial is parroted from an Interviewer, it is not reliable. It must come from the Free Editing Process in which the subject is speaking freely, choosing his own words.
If the denial has four components (more than three), it is unreliable. The innocent leave it alone, simply, as a denial, as they do not feel the need for emphasis. It is the strength of knowing that something cannot be proven because the subject did not do it. This is the underlining confidence, that even in the polygraph, the nervous person will not experience fluctuation in results: they are nervous all the way through, whether answering their address, or the allegation.
Linguistically, it is the same.