Today is the Greek vote on austerity mandates from creditors in Europe.
Greece stands as a monument to socialism and government efficiency, and what continual indebtedness looks like, and, perhaps even a warning to Europe and the United States as socialism has gone from a bad word to a good word for many.
Recently, in the Genesis of Human Nature, I addressed one of the two basic beliefs about human nature:
This means that man is born with a nature prone to do wrong, that is, selfish, lazy, deceptive, and so on, and must be taught contrary. Part Two will look at the opposing view, that mankind is born basically good, and only does things that are wrong due to environment, but his general inclination is towards doing good for others, over himself.
What you believe about human nature, itself, guides your opinion on what is happening in Greece, today and your viewpoint on what you "expect" your fellow human to do.
Will he pick up the dropped wallet and keep the cash?
Or will he pick up the wallet and head to the nearest police station; cash in tact.
Once there, will the receiving desk officer, himself, keep the money?
Does the finder think that the cop, himself, will pocket the money, influencing his own judgment?
Does one sing to one self, the child's ditty about "finders keepers, losers weepers"?
Left or right, right or left.
In many cases, making no decision is a decision, itself.
This is from the Daily Mail and is about deception in practice. It is a deception that not only permeates all of society, but allows you to see what a man might choose, given the same conditions.
The view of "instability", or "self-first", says that given the exact same environment, I would be inclined to not report my father's death, and collect his monthly government check for 30 or more years after his death unless I can overcome my natural inclination to be selfish, deceptive, and so on.
Do you know what a "Greek Haircut" is?
It is a "recapitalization of Greek banks."
This is a term that is technically truthful, but is deceptive. It is similar to saying that the man who is robbing your house is "re-furnishing" his house with your furniture.
The basis of socialism comes from an opinion on mankind's nature. Which view point?
By the way, we often identify self honesty as "emotional intelligence" because it includes a healthy dose of self awareness and personal frailities that, once owned, may produce humility. Humility is prized by some; despised by others.
A whole island pretending to be blind to get benefits, 8,500 pensioners who faked being aged over 100 and lawyers who claim to earn just €12,000: New book reveals how Greeks cheated THEMSELVES into ruin
- James Angelos' book looks at widespread tax evasion and benefit fraud
- Includes case of the island where 498 people pretended to be blind
- Also reveals how super-rich bought camoflage for pools to avoid tax
- Greece is on the brink of collapse as it decides whether to reject EU bailout
Published: 08:44 EST, 3 July 2015 | Updated: 10:51 EST, 3 July 2015
Greece in teetering on the brink of ruin - and it is hard not to feel sympathy for the pensioners crying in the street and the mothers facing empty supermarket shelves.
Yet those reading a new book may find themselves feeling a little less compassionate towards the Greeks. It reveals an eye-popping catalogue of benefits scams and tax avoidance schemes that have robbed the public purse.
James Angelos' The Full Catastrophe: Travels among the New Greek Ruins lays bare the corruption which filtered through all levels of society - from the islanders who pretended to be blind, to the families who forgot to register their parents' death and the doctors who 'earn' just €12,000 a year - yet live in Athens' most exclusive neighbourhood.
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Distress: An elderly man cries outside a bank in northern Greece this morning, after queuing to take out his pension this morning - which has been reduced to 120 euros this week. Some claim Greece is going to run out of cash within days if it does not accept the bailout offered to the country
Fiddlng the system: But a new book has lifted the lid on widespread benefits fraud, and tax avoidance - both of which contributed to a budget deficit which runs into billions of euros. Pictured: Pensioner at a bank
It was the rumours of an 'island of the blind' which first bought Angelos, a journalist, to Greece in 2011.
He had heard that on Zakynthos, something like two per cent of the population were registered blind.
All was not quite how it seemed, however, and it transpired that 61 of the 680 'blind' residents were quite happily driving around the island.
In fact, an astonishing 498 of those 680 were not blind at all - or even partially sighted.
But being 'blind' had its advantages - in particular, the €724 paid in benefits once every two months, and a reduction in utility bills.
It was a scam which could be traced back to one ophthalmologist and one official, which was estimated to have cost the country €9 million.
And, as Angelos discovered, it was only the tip of the iceberg.
How big is the problem of disability benefits fraud, Angelos asked the then-deputy health minister Markos Bolaris.
'Very big,' came the accurate, but short, reply.
Indeed, when those claiming disabilities were asked to present themselves at government offices so records could be updated, 36,000 failed to do so.
That translated to an immediate saving for the government of €100m a year.
Fraud: One of the most famous examples is that of Zakynthos, the holiday island (pictured) where almost 500 people pretended to be blind in order to get benefits and discounts
Widespread: When the Greek government took a closer look at those who were claiming disability benefit, they realised as many as 36,000 were claiming the handout, despite not being entitled
But the fraud was certainly not confined to just disability benefits.
When the government chose to take a closer look at who they were paying pensions to, they found a slightly suspicious 8,500 pensioners had surpassed the milestone age of 100.
An even closer look revealed, 40,000 pension claims were fraudulent. It seems people were forgetting to register their loved ones' deaths.
It's not that these scams were not known about before, of course.
A Daily Mail investigation in 2011 revealed the subway system was essentially free for the five million residents of Athens - because, with no barriers, it relied on an honesty system which few were honest enough to use.
It described street after street of opulent mansions and villas, surrounded by high walls and with their own pools, which, on paper, were the homes of virtual paupers.
They were all allowed to declare their own income for tax purposes - and officially, they were only earning €12,000 - or a paltry £8,500 - a year, below the tax threshold.
Apparently, only 5,000 people admitted to earning more than £90,000 a year - prompting one economist to describe Greece as a ‘poor country full of rich people’.
The lengths these doctors, lawyers and businessmen would go to to hide their wealth from the government was, it has to be said, impressive.
According to official records, just over 300 homes in Athens' most exclusive neighbourhood had swimming pools, and had paid the resulting tax for such a luxury.
Tax evasion: But it is not just people claiming benefits when they shouldn't. Some of the richest people in the country go out of their way to avoid paying tax - claiming they only earn £8,500 a year
Desperate: Indeed, they even bought tarpaulin to hide their swimming pools from tax inspectors
But when the government decided to have a look on Google Earth, it became clear these residents hadn't been totally honest.
The real figure for swimming pools in the area is believed to be closer to 20,000.
But instead of coming clean, there was a boom in sales of camouflage tarpaulins to conceal their existence from the tax inspectors flying over the gardens.
And then there are the tales which seem to be more down to incompetence, rather than actual fraud.
In particular, there is the tale of treasury employee Savvas Saltouridis, who used an Uzi submachine gun to murder the mayor of his Greek mountain town in 2009, who remained on the municipal payroll for years afterwards - even though he was languishing in jail.
He was taking advantage of the complex disciplinary system
Angelos, then working for the Wall Street Journal, was told by retired clerk Apostolos Tsiakiris, who took over as mayor after the killing: 'You can't be a murderer and keep getting paid.
'That doesn't happen in any other government.'
But what do when so many are cheating the system? It is estimated tax evasion alone might be costing the country as much as €20billion a year in lost revenue, while years of benefit fraud will certainly have added up.
But when Angelos suggested punishing those who tried to play the system, he was given a straight forward - if depressing - answer.
'If you start putting people in jail, maybe you'll have to put half of Greece in jail,' an official said.
- James Angelos' The Full Catastrophe: Travels among the New Greek Ruins is available to buy on Amazon.