The liar always brings damage.
As the DSM continues its generational trend to be influenced by politics rather than strong statistics, it is helpful to have definitions expounded for understanding.
It is difficult to persuade the public at large how dangerous a liar is, that is, until one experiences, first hand, the negative repercussions of experiencing the pattern a liar follows: self first, with little accuracy predicting how far the liar will go.
If a study shows that a liar who is known, habitually, for life long lying, will lie under oath, even if it is a capital case where an innocent may be put to death (murder), it may appear distant and without effect.
When one's life has been traumatized by a liar, I have a rapt audience who, sadly, knows just how dangerous the powerful need to put self above others actually is.
There are warning signs for you to read; often in abundance. Should you choose to ignore the warning signs, especially if you project your own honesty upon the liar, you increase your risk of exposure.
Risk of what?
Unknown. It depends upon your setting.
If the habitual liar is your spouse, the obvious awaits you; your boss? Trouble beckons. Your subordinate? Watch your back.
In other words: wherever, whenever, and however the liar can put himself or herself above you, the opportunity will arise in life, and will likely be taken.
Your idea at work is stolen and owned.
False accusation is made against you. This can cost you your name, company reputation, money, time, stress, health...
Exploitation, in some form, ranging from fraudulent claims to outright theft, is in the future.
The liar will give you ample warning for which situational awareness can allow you to take even preventive action; depending upon your experience and understanding of the nature of the liar.
The following were all contextualized in this manner:
Initiated conversation by the subject, introducing the following without being asked any questions. The reply is the follow up. The long term damage is acute, but it is in the series of lies that one may discern the warning of how dangerous the fabricator of reality actually is.
Each statement was made in full understanding of reality. There is no 'mental illness' diagnosis that shows any lack of understanding of reality. This is important to know as the word "delusional" is used casually enough to warrant this caveat.
The subject: wealthy female, early 50's, sans high school diploma, clever and manipulative. Passive aggressive with particular resentment towards males.
"I just got in from Vegas. Can you believe it that I won more than $5,000?"
The truth: in the won-loss column only the wins were reported. The overall result was a severe loss, not including airfare or lodging. Money was a frequent topic for deception, but her children were even more so, as neglect of education and indulgence had led to uneducated, lazy, entitled young adults who could not survive on their own.
"Did you know that my daughter will be the very first 16 year old to graduate from ***** high school and will be attending college early?"
The truth: The 16 year old had the education level of about a sixth grader. The deceptive mother had paid her employees to do her daughter's homework which received good grades, while she failed testing, leading to the school's questioning, which was met with raging and uncomfortable meetings with the school, along with legal threats and pulling her daughter out of school. The company rarely held morning meetings because the daughter, awakening at 10am or so, called her mother's cell phone to get her to drive home coffee and donuts.
The daughter was a frequent character in the lies.
"My daughter made more than $1,000 per hour modeling and has her own modeling catalog and is in great demand."
The truth: the mother paid the studio to use her, and paid an advertiser to use the photos.
"I am so glad my son broke off with her. I loved her, yes, but she has a raging drug problem."
The truth: the young woman failed to convince her son to get off drugs and return to school and she finally yielded to her own parents' pleas to break off the relationship. The final impetus was the young man's infidelity and home grown deception. This particular lie spread readily, as this form of negative information does, harming her reputation until she decided to move out of the area.
The damage later done to others, including criminal activity, was acute. Victim losses included:
loss of home, loss of employment, destruction of reputation, coerced criminal exploitation and falsification of legal records, and so on.
Listen for the fabricator of reality and how he or she will give an important warning signal for you:
Lying when there is no cause to lie. This is the most obvious warning signal that you need to protect yourself. The need, for example, of self aggrandizement and the use of lying to do so signals a powerful need for attention, superiority, and the inevitable humiliation of others, financially, socially, personally, and so on.
The list of devastation from liars is without end. It can range from a single life devastation to an entire nation...
*mother lost custody of her child due to falsified testimony; child put in foster care traumatized for life;
*incessant theft and endless legal costs to defend oneself against malicious gossip
*nationalwide refinancing scam using false signatures led to thousands of homeowners losing their homes, with only class action suit lawyers gaining money. Someone within the company recognized the beginning where a liar presented an idea...
*false prosecution for political gain, small town, or big city, the devastation is acute.
*the Rotherham coverup led to thousands of children lives destroyed. It began with a lie. .
*How many women were victimized by the German media lie, who could have avoided sexual assault in Cologne, had deception not been present?
We have reached a point where we are no longer even shocked by deception in media; we are expecting it and looking for it.
With each new victim status granted, we follow the list of "fake hate" scams anew.
Societal acceptance of theft is reflected in court decisions as legalized or institutionalized envy seeks to punish the successful and reward the failure.
In your own life, read the warning symbols. Do not underestimate how far the liar will go.
When the liar 'fails tests', that is, is incapable of telling the truth in small, low or no pressure situations, do not predict that if given a major test, such as in court, or before superiors, that any other activity will be evident other than self protective deception. You cannot always count on the discernment of others, and preparation and early warning signals are best heeded.