Monday, July 10, 2017
Law Enforcement Training: Deception and Profiling
Law Enforcement scores notoriously poorly in detecting deception quizzes.
Simply because they think everyone is lying.
Question: How does Law Enforcement do in Profiling?
First, let's define profiling.
1. What profiling is not:
It is not "white, middle aged underemployed male living in his mother's basement with a beer belly." . Nor is it "black male, hoodie, angry look on his face."
2. What profiling is:
Linguistic Profiling is the identification four key elements of a subject solely from the language:
a. The subject's background. Sex, Age, Race, Nationality, Region, etc
b. The subject's experiences in life. Education, intelligence, work, criminal experience, etc.
c. The subject's priority or priorities within the statement. There are often more than just one.
d. The subject's dominant personality traits. Here we find accuracy matching the results of psychological evaluations and are able to not only describe the subject's behaviors accordingly, but we can succinctly strategize both the interview and the investigation. This is also used in Employment Analysis and can successfully screen out those who are psychologically unfit for law enforcement.
This is where the linguistic profile can describe a subject in such vivid detail that it often either leads to, or directly identifies the author of an anonymous threatening letter.
Law Enforcement, once properly trained in Statement Analysis, are often breathtakingly accurately in profiling for the same reason they initially failed deception detection.
They believe human nature to be what human nature is.
They do not need to be exposed to example after example of how a direct liar will cause destruction in life.
They do not need to be convinced that elements of aggression indicate propensity for violence.
They do not use rose colored glasses.
Just as some in law enforcement tell me they wish there were as good at detecting deception as their civilian counterparts, others tell me they wish they had the experiences that only law enforcement have, to help their professional growth.
It comes together in live, monthly guided trainings where both law enforcement and non law enforcement professionals work together as a team, gleaning from each other, invaluable gifts and insight.
In Complete Statement Analysis, the law enforcement enrollee is taught to believe the subject. Since people rarely lie outright, the odds of being correct are very high. This is very challenging at first because they are conditioned to doubt everyone because they are constantly confronted with liars. 90% + of deception is via missing or withheld information. They learn to never dismiss humor, sarcasm, or even deliberately misleading information, as they learn: the words chosen, when when to divert, came from somewhere important.
Once they begin to submit to Principles of Statement Analysis, through formal training, feedback, discipline, tests and team analysis, they reach a point of "the light bulb turning on" and this is where exciting things happen. From here, there is no turning back.
It is where years and years of experience meet the disciplines of principle and it produces excellence. The struggle, at first, is mighty but once they are in the habit of not trusting intuition, and are forced to explain each and every point, it is an explosion of knowledge.
When the foundation is established, they move into Advanced Analysis, which includes profiling.
Here, they have no such struggle that almost all other professionals do.
Honest people project honesty upon others. Good people project goodness upon others.
In Advanced Training, the professional learns to "submit" to the findings of the language, regardless of personal feelings.
The law enforcement analyst needs no convincing about the base elements of human nature, while the non-law enforcement analysts need incessant reminders.
Both will recognize, for example, when an 86 year old volunteer driver for mentally retarded adults has a stellar reputation in his community, decades as a high level professional, and the acclaim of colleagues, but sexually molests a vulnerable victim, it is not his first time.
However, it is within law enforcement experience that they meet and get to know generational abusers within communities. They have heard, repeatedly, what abusers sound like, including, "I was teaching her how to be prepared..." and other vile excuses.
In the above case, the perpetrator avoided criminal charges due to age, but his victim may suffer for the rest of his life.
When years of incessant daily experience meets formalized study, the results are terrific.
When the same moves into profiling, intuition is now unleashed, under the restrictions of principle, and the accuracy something special to behold.
They run at or near 100% accuracy in detecting deception, but in Anonymous Author Identification, running at 70% is more than enough for the recognition of the author's identity.
Profiling is condemned, but only by politicians and those who fall prey to them.
If you or someone you love receives a threatening letter, for example, and Linguistic Profiling can identify both the risk (risk assessment) and the author, would you allow an answer such as,
"Well, we could tell you the identity of the person who intends on killing you, but that would be sexist (or racist), so let's just say you should not leave your home ever again...." ?
That works only for politicians who live in safety, but not for the rest of us.
This Fall, I will be teaching at HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area), Arizona, where some analysts work in prisons, screening prisoner letters. This is an amazing opportunity to gain expertise in Statement Analysis, as those who study will be able to employ and practice daily.
As I warn new analysts: it is marvelously addicting and human nature never ceases to surprise us.
There are opportunities for practice everywhere in life.
Enroll in training or request information on hosting an intense 2 day seminar at Hyatt Analysis Services.
If any readers are scheduled for the FBI National Academy in this Fall's semester, I'd love to hear from you beforehand.