Identifying people in a statement.
"I heard someone knocking at my door. I saw the person standing there."
Question: What change in reality took place to turn "someone" into a "person"?
Answer: She saw him.
If she changed him from "someone" to a "person" she cannot downgrade him back to being "someone"; if she does, we will indicate deception. Later, in this statement, she did not identify him as a man. The end result was that it was a false rape report.
"I like working with Peter. He is a good man." After meeting Heather, this became, "I like working with Peter. He is a good person." The change in language, therefore, is justified by the change in reality, that is, meeting Heather.
People in a Statement.
The following is a portion of President Clinton's acceptance speech in 1992 in which he refernces persons.
"Tonight, as plainly as I can, I want to tell you who I am, what I believe and where I want to lead America.
I never met my father.
Father is mentioned first. He is mentioned in the negative, making the statement in the negative, very important by itself. Coupled with the priority of mentioning him first, it shows how his father was highly important to him, dominating his life through his absence.
He was killed in a car wreck on a rainy road three months before I was born, driving home from Chicago to Arkansas to see my mother.
Yet, there are only 32 words dedicated to his father, showing first the impact his death had upon his mother.
After that, my mother had to support us. So we lived with my grandparents while she went away to Louisiana to study nursing .
Mother is mentioned secondly, with grandparents third. Grandparents is plural.
I can still see her clearly tonight through the eyes of a 3-year-old:
Here he describes himself as a "3 year old"
kneeling at the railroad station and weeping as she put me back on the train to Arkansas with my grandmother. She endured that pain because she knew her sacrifice was the only way she could support me and give me a better life.
Grandmother is mentioned, but not grandfather at this point.
My mother taught me. She taught me about family and hard work and sacrifice. She held steady through tragedy after tragedy. And she held our family, my brother and I, together through tough times. As a child, I watched her go off to work each day at a time when it wasn't always easy to be a working mother.
Here he references himself as a child, increasing the likelihood of having suffered child abuse, with 80% chance of that abuse being sexual.
As an adult, I've watched her fight off breast cancer. And again she has taught me a lesson in courage. And always, always she taught me to fight.
That's why I'll fight to create high-paying jobs so that parents can afford to raise their children today.
He would fight for "high paying" jobs for the purpose of parents raising their children.
That's why I'm so committed to make sure every American gets the health care that saved my mother's life. And that women's health care gets the same attention as men's. That's why I'll fight to make sure women in this country receive respect and dignity -- whether they work in the home, out of the home, or both.
Note that as President, he was going to "fight" to make sure women in this country receive "respect" and "dignity"; whether it is in either "home" or "out" of the home.
You want to know where I get my fighting spirit? It aIl started with my mother. Thank you, Mother. I love you.
Mother, although mentioned secondly after father, is given a much larger volume of words. 266 words for mother.
When I think about opportunity for all Americans, I think about my grandfather.
Grandfather is mentioned specifically.
He ran a country store in our little town of Hope. There were no food stamps back then, so when his customers -- whether they were white or black -- who worked hard and did the best they could came in with no money, well, he gave them food anyway. Just made a note of it. So did I.
He recalls seeing those hungry being helped by his grandfather. This may explain the "workfare" legislation he initiated in which food stamps recipients were limited in time and had to submit job applications and to job training. This was circumvented by President Obama, with the report this week showing that Food Stamp usage doubled since the President dropped the regulations.
Before I was big enough to see over the counter, I learned from him to look up to people other folks looked down on.
My grandfather just had a high-school education -- a grade-school education. But in that country store he taught me more about equality in the eyes of the Lord than all my professors at Georgetown; more about the intrinsic worth of every individual than all the philosophers at Oxford, more about the need for equal justice under the law than all the jurists at Yale Law School.
Topic introduced: Education.
Note the change of language from "high school" downgraded to "grade school" while the schools he attended are named, one by one: "Georgetown, Oxford, and Yale Law School."
If you want to know where I come by the passionate commitment that I have to bringing people together without regard to race, it all started with my grandfather. Building an America That Values Every Family
I learned a lot from another person, too. A person who for more than 20 years has worked hard to help our children. Paying the price of time to make sure our schools don't fail them. Someone who traveled our state for a year. Studying, learning, listening. Going to PTA meetings, school board meetings, town hall meetings. Putting together a package of school reforms recognized around the nation. Doing it all while building a distinguished legal career and being a wonderful loving mother.
That person is my wife.
Hillary taught me. She taught me that all children can learn, and that each of us has a duty to help them do it. So if you want to know why I care so much about our children and our future, it all started with Hillary. I love you."
137 words for Hillary, whom he calls a "person" and "wife." It is noteworthy that he does not call her a "woman", but a "person", which is gender neutral. His mother received double.
1. Order for the sake of priority
2. Number of words dedicated to each
3. Words used to identify each
Note that no mention is given to Roger Clinton, the brother who was arrested for cocaine trafficking, and spent a year in prison. President Clinton issued a Presidential pardon for his brother in 2001.
Virginia Clinton Kelly, Bill Clinton's mother, she said that Bill and Hillary lived more like "brother and sister" in their home.
To this, his language agrees.