Statement Analysis recognizes that the word "never" is not a substitute for "did not" and does not constitute a reliable denial.
In following the case of Lance Armstrong, Statement Analysis has concluded deception.
We now learn why he quit the fight: Eye witness testimony from 11 former teammates sunk him.
Like Marion Jones, he boasted of never failing a drug test. To never fail a drug test is not to say he did not use; only that he was not caught. It is expected that his 7 Tour De France victories will formerly be erased from the record books.
If we want to use the word, "never", we can say:
"Lance Armstrong has never given a reliable denial" after stating, repeatedly in analysis, that Armstrong did not issue a reliable denial in his many appearances.
People do not like the stress of lying, therefore, they avoid direct lying by either withholding information, or hedging words. The word "never" does not appear to trigger the internal stress of a direct lie as when saying, "I did not use banned substances" against reality. Even with a direct (and rare) lie against reality, the liar will be unable to bring himself to look directly at his lie and say, "I told the truth."
Statement Analysis gets to the truth.