Friday, November 6, 2015
The Five Levels of Training
The Five Levels of Statement Analysis Training
by Peter Hyatt
There are five basic levels to Statement Analysis Training. Each level builds on the ones prior, and requires more study and more reference point building which only comes through volume. They are as follows:
1. Deception Indicated
2. Content Analysis
3. Leakage and Interview Strategy
5. Identifying the author of the Anonymous Letter
Here is a brief description of each:
1. Deception Indicated.
This is what is taught in law enforcement, local, state and federal, and is sometimes referred to as "Statement Analysis 101" where the basic objective is to find out if deception exists. In many state police academies, graduates have this course and years later, have to be reminded that they took it as it is just one of so many things they had to cover.
This is also the goal of many one day training seminars: enough work to indicate deception. In some, there is more depth added where "Veracity Indicators" are sought, going past the basics of analysis. "Deception Indicated" is the focus of general "Lie Detection" books for the public. The necessity of verifying truth generally does not have much depth unless it is covered in the 2nd day of the 101 introductory seminars.
The greatest value of these basic seminars is this: there are always some in attendance who so love the work, that they seek out in depth training.
2. Content Analysis
Content Analysis takes time. A single page 8.5 x 11 statement will take hours. There is not simply the measuring of its form and pace, but actual content is gleaned and this becomes hard work. The analyst must know the principles, but for this level, he or she must begin to grasp the psychology behind the principles. The analyst must know which words are most fitting to which crime, for example, and will here say, "I know he did it; I want to know how he did it. "
Leakage is the inadvertent release of information relevant to the investigation in which we not only have more information on what happened, but often the subject's motive and psychological need that the criminal act fulfilled for him. This is where greed, for example, the number one motivator for theft, is not only evidenced, but is dealt with by justification within the subject's mind: "I have been mistreated. I have not been respected. This is not theft; it is owed to me!"
Although leakage is classified as subjective information, it is the most useful portion of preparing for the interview and is the crux of "Analytical Interviewing" which is legally sound, exhaustive, and the analyst learns not only where to aim his questions, but how to word them.
This is where a thorough psychological evaluation results matches the words used.
Every statement reveals a subject's priorities, background, personality and so on: here the analyst has experienced success in level one, as confirmed by the polygraph results or the evidence, but now wishes to obtain confessions.
To obtain a confession you must know who is being interviewed. At this level the analyst knows that certain types use certain words, and the strategy for the interview is given to him by the subject, himself.
This is where the most confessions or admissions are obtained.
It is only for experienced analysts. Those who work in this realm will find an increase in confessions which then becomes not only the ultimate validation of their work, but often affords them a rare opportunity for growth:
When one confesses, there is a 'meeting' of the two: the confessor and the analyst. They become a "we", together as the confessor often feels a level of closeness and respect for the analyst. It is here that some guilty suspects are willing to share details of the crime and allow the analysts to question them. This is an opportunity that must not be missed. When you get a confession and the suspect has positive feelings towards you, ask:
a. "Why did you confess to me?" The guilty criminal is not likely in a position to flatter and what he tells you about yourself is critical information.
b. "Why did you confess now?" This will help you learn what built up inside of them, including some very specific details. Thanks to LSI for these two brilliant questions. I have learned a great deal about myself and about human nature from these two.
Lastly, we have the single greatest element:
c. Ask the guilty suspect to review the analysis with you. Let him correct your work. Let him affirm your work. You are very likely to hear the following:
"I knew that you knew what I did!" This is the powerful element that obtains confessions: the guilty believes (often, rightly so!) that you went into the interview knowing he did it! Your confidence was real and it unnerved him as you asked repeated questions about the sensitive portion of their statement!
I was once told, upon asking, "Why did you confess to me?" that the thief answered, "Because you're a nice guy."
What did I do that got this label?
Her written statement showed a craving for relevancy and respect. Leakage showed domestic violence and a personal disregard of her by her family. The interview strategy was not simply to be respectful, but to be reverential by anyone who was to conduct the interview. In this case, it was assigned to me. I am respectful to all for many reasons, including personal ones, but in this case, I refrained from all casual language and when she cursed me out, I apologized for angering her. "A soft answer turns away wrath."
In other interviews, the statement showed that the subject would not budge unless he was confronted with his own words and although polite, the tone was decidedly stronger and produced an admission. (A "confession" without owning the moral element of the crime).
Psych Evals done by qualified (and dedicated) psychologists have guided interview strategy, even to the point of predicting where the confession will come in the interview stage.
5. Identifying the author of the Anonymous Letter
This is the deepest and highest level of Statement Analysis, and cannot be taught in seminars as it can only come through volume, experience and the analyst's own personal internal reference point of experience. It is always done in a plurality of analysts, as one is too prone to miss, and it is to have an anonymous threatening letter and identify the writer.
This past summer, we had two samples in the news which were not the norm to be expected. One, in particular, (see "Relentlessly Gay") was easy to spot with or without training, and the other only mildly challenging (Long Island Racist Claim).
These are the exceptions.
Both of these were "fake hate" with the motive of money and/or attention. The former was more deviant with strong emotional themes of intolerance and hatred; the very elements she had hoped to cash in on. In that case, $43,000 had to be refunded lest she be arrested. I add this to those of you who, on Facebook, first spotted elements of fraud, to remind you of the well deserved praise you received as many people, across the country, did not discern the deception.
Anonymous Threatening Letters (or complaints) are rare, have specific statistical elements to them, and when the goal is realized, it is the one of the most thrilling accomplishments an analyst can have, save obtaining justice.
With Anonymous Threatening Letters unable for publication, the analysts who have been involved in the work who successfully identified the writer, and received confirmation, they can attest to not only the hours and hours of pain-staking work, but the absolute thrill of completion. Since this work is to be done with others only, you may do some research here on the blog as to why, and who should be in it. Male Female inclusion is vital, and to pull in professionals of different backgrounds is the best route to success.
If you would like to take our course, please visit the website, HYATT ANALYSIS
You may host a seminar, or take the course individually. Successful completion will give you access to ongoing training with professionals from around the country working live cases, as well as access to the Advanced Course when it is completed.
Give your career the traction of success: nothing justifies the hard work like success under scrutiny.