"And the next thing I knew..." shows a skipping over of time in an open statement. It indicates that information is missing at this point.
"I went to the store to buy groceries. I always go there.
And there was this guy who asked me if he could borrow ten dollars.
And then he said that he was desperate. I told him I did not have extra money.
And he told me he was going to wait for me in the parking lot.
Understanding Missing Information
Buzzfeed reported the following:
On January 29th, 2017, the New York Jets played the New England Patriots for the Super Bowl.
Picture you watching the game on TV.
It is the fourth quarter, the Patriots are up, 23 to 21, with mere seconds on the clock to play meaning that this is the last play of the game for the Patriots and they must simply protect the ball.
Tom Brady goes into a huddle.
Suddenly, your TV goes black and then words appear:
"This game may be subject to blackout in your area."
You are furious! You've watched the entire game and now, at the moment of truth, it is blacked out?
Just as you jump up in anger, the picture comes back and the Jets have flooded the field in celebration as Tom Brady walks dejectedly off the field, ignoring reporters' questions.
You saw the game, and then you didn't, and then it came back on again.
The game is the broadcast of a statement.
The short blackout is the area of missing information.
You are seeking to learn what happened even though you know the outcome.
Since open statements go in chronological order, the word "And", (or other connecting words) indicate a pause of some form, that should be unnecessary. Since the person is going chronologically, one event follows another, so the word "and" is not necessary.
In fact, it means that the subject has paused and ejected information here. He has "blacked out the broadcast" temporarily, considering no need to add in this information.
Most of the time this is an indication of experiential memory in play because 70% of the time, it is truthful.
With phrases such as "And the next thing I know", is also an unnecessary connection, but it is a longer pause and it takes more effort to produce more of these words.
Here now comes a difference. Where "and..." may be more related to truthful reporting and missing information being casual editing for clarity, the lengthier wording suggests the subject had to make an effort to skip over time.
Remember: you cannot withhold information that you do not have.
We ask questions:
Not only, "what is missing?" but the more important:
"Why is the subject withholding information here?"
What might be the 3 highlighted points of missing information in the above example?
a. the man became physically aggressive
b. the words that transpired between them
c. someone else can by interrupting the verbal exchange
Leave your answer in the comments section with a brief explanation why.