Thursday, July 31, 2014

Pronoun Lesson: "We" in Sexual Assault Cases

by Peter Hyatt



The following is a statement for readers to analyze in an exercise.  

Each one of us has a personal, subjective, internal dictionary.  The work of an analyst is to "break the code" and understand what the subject is reporting.  This is critical in police statements. 

Good interviewing, whether it be by police, a therapist or a journalist, should be done in a way in which new language is not introduced to the subject, so that the subject may enter the Free Editing Process (FEP) where his own words are chosen.  This is critical for discerning truth.  

You have previously read here that it is not expected that the pronoun "we" should enter a sexual assault victim's language, after the assault, concerning herself and the perpetrator.  In fact, it can indicate deception in a false claim.  

Pronouns are instinctive. 

"We went to the theater together but after everyone emptied out, we stayed there talking. It was dark and he grabbed me and I told him "no" but he would not stop.  He drove me home and I told my parents..."

In this statement, the pronoun "we" begins the narrative, but once he "grabbed" her, there is no more "we" in her language.  For her, this is a separation due to his action.  She is truthful. 

Take this truthful statement versus the following: 
  

"He and I drove out to the commons, and he attacked me and threw me out of the car, but then let me back in again.  We drove home and I said I never wanted to see him again and we agreed to cool things off for awhile..."


The pronoun "we" indicates unity, and cooperation.  We find in sexual assault cases that once the assault has taken place, there is no more "we" between the victim and the assailant.  In fact, even in the statements of assailants who want the assault to appear to be a willing consensual relationship, that the pronoun "we" is absent from the guilty man's statement.  In the quick thinking of pronouns, the guilty man instinctively knows that there is no "we" or unity between them.  

The following is for your consideration, and is only a portion of the statement.  The assault has already taken place, where he allegedly  grabbed her and she allegedly resisted.  

"I stayed away from him after that, but kept seeing him around the hall.  He looked at me a few times.  I went with him to the basement because the supervisor told us to get the buckets.  I ignored him and  he then asked me, "We ok?" and I said, "We ok, as long as you don't touch me again."
After that he kept away from me and I kept doing the work that I thought I was hired for, like washing up the grease on the walls, scrubbing the floors, or whatever the supervisor asked me to do.  I made it through the shift and asked my husband what he thought I should do but he was too angry to even talk to me, so I didn't know what to do.  I called the police. 

What do you make of the pronoun "we" in her statement, knowing that it has come after the alleged assault?

Write your response in the comments section, and scroll down for the analysis.








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Conclusion:  She is truthful.

The use of the word "we" in the subject's language after the assault can indicate deception.  However, context is important.

The use of the word "we" after the assault is due to the subject entering into the assailant's language.  She was asked, "We ok?" by the nervous assailant, and she used reflective language, his own words, in her response.

She did not produce the pronoun "we", after the assault, in the Free Editing Process.

By entering into his language, she merely parroted his words, nervously seeking to not be engaged in conversation.  

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Actual Statement Analysis of The Robbery Statement



The robbery statement was published for your consideration.  A second posting was the robbery statement with emphasis added, to let you check your analysis and prompt you towards certain important portions of the statement.  Here is some analysis principles for you to further consider when comparing your results in the comments section. 

On Aug 6 at 4:45 AM I got up, from there I got dressed, brushed my teeth did my hair and
make-up, then sat around until 5:15 AM had a smoke, started my car and left for work.  I
arrived there at 5:25 AM and open the doors.  turned on my lights & pump pumps, then took
my numbers to do my Shift Check after that I open the safe and began to do my paperwork
form the day before, my stepfather came there at ruffley 10 to or 5 to 6:00 AM and I stood
there and told him we I didn’t start the coffee yet and then left for work them went back to
doing my cash, When I felt to someone touch me and say give me the money I have a family
to feed to and said don’t turn around and then I froze.  I bundled the money and passed it to
the man.

Some principles:
1.  Personal Hygiene:  "brushed my teeth"

Personal hygiene, in a statement, is often an indication of missing information, of a personal nature, later on in the statement. 
This is the principle. 
I have found, personally, that the missing information is often related to domestic violence. When a woman is in a relationship of domestic violence, it is not the violence that controls her, but the threat of violence. She lives life "negotiating" her way around the violence. Therefore, in the morning, while "brushing her teeth" or tending to her personal hygiene, she may lock the door, and for a few moments in the day, feel safe and as if she has a semblance of control over her life.  

2.  "Left":  The leaving of a place

The word "left", when used as a connecting verb between two places, is indicative of missing information.  70% of the time, this missing information is due to time constraints, rushing, traffic, and so on.  30%, however, is critical information that is withheld from the statement.  When we find this word in this use, it is highlighted, by the SCAN technique, in the color coding of "blue", representing the highest sensitivity (along with the word "because", when used to explain "why", when the subject should only be telling us "what happened" to her). 
When we find two or more "blues" close together, it is called a "cluster of blues" representing very sensitive information.  It is often the "answer" we seek in analysis.  

3. Pronouns:  Pronouns are reliable in analysis, as they are intuitive.  Following pronouns, alone, can yield the conclusion of a matter.  Pronouns, being instinctive, are never "wrong", as they are 100% trustworthy for analysis.  We use pronouns millions of times in our lives, and are experts at them.  When you find a pronoun "error", you are likely looking at deception.  Note the change of pronoun, emphasized.  

4.  Doors Opening and Closing are sometimes an insight into a subject who experienced childhood abuse, particularly, sexual abuse.  This is especially seen in descriptions where doors are not necessary for the statement. 

5.  Articles Don't Lie  We know to say "a man" until he has been identified, and "the
 man" once identified.  hmmmm

6.  Verb Tense If someone switches from past tense to present tense, there is a reason.  This often highlights deception for us. 

7.  Possessive Pronouns show ownership.

8.  Soft Language  Would you "pass" money in a robbery?  Does a hold up "say" or does he "tell"?  The soft language is truthful:  she knew the thief and he did not scream, threaten or use demanding language as this was previously agreed upon.  

Did you know that the concealed information contained within the robbery statement is that the subject knew the man she gave the money to?

How do you know?

9.  Social Introductions   In a statement for police, (strangers) social introductions tell us the quality of a relationship WITHIN the statement.  

Specifically, this can indicate discord within a relationship over a particular topic (context) while seeing, under another context, the relationship "restored."
Remember:  we do not analyze people, but statements.  The "subject is dead; the statement is alive" (Sapir)

An Incomplete Social Introduction can indicate a problem.  

A complete social introduction : "My wife, Heather" consists of three components:

a.  Possessive pronoun "my"
b.  Title, "wife"
c.  Name, "Heather"

This indicates, within the statement only, a good relationship.  

Note "my stepfather" is incomplete, with the name withheld. Remember the context:  a police statement.  Names are important. 

10.  Body Posture often indicates an increase in tension.  
"My boss told me to be at work at 9."
"My boss stood and told me to be at work at 9" shows an increase in tension for the subject, at this point in the statement. 

11.  Additional Information which is unnecessary, is very important, often "doubly important" to the analysis work.  Even a diversion is seen as necessary making that which the departure has taken place from, very important.  Even the word "coffee", when it enters a subject's language, is often (not always) an indication that the subject was not alone.  Coffee is often a social drink.  The interviewer (therapist, journalist, etc) should always flag "coffee" and ask, "Were you alone?"

12.  The Reason Why is not always evident if the subject does not use "so, since, therefore, because"; as here, we have an explanation as to why the thief needs the money, making it very sensitive to the subject.  This is an indication that the subject knows and has sympathy for the one receiving the "passed" money.  

13.  Began but not completed?  Always note when someone says that they began something, rather than having done something.  Questions must be asked. 

14. Opening/Closing (the safe) may also indicate childhood abuse.  I say, "Tell me about you growing up?" and listen for signals of abuse.  In a case like this, it would show that the subject, having been abused, was comfortable taking orders and followed orders from an older male in this situation.  This is relevant for trust issues, particularly in businesses that survive on trust. 

15. Emotions in a statement can indicate an artificial placement if they are found in the logical or "perfect" part of the account.  Humans take time to process emotions.  Story telling places the emotions in the main event.  "I was walking in the woods and my heart began to pound..." but the overwhelming number of truthful accounts have the emotions placed after the main event. 

Remember that we do not conclude deception on any single indicator of sensitivity nor deception.  It is the skill of the analyst, with many hours experience, that is needed to draw a conclusion.  

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Statement Analysis: Sandy Alderson on Steroids


NY Mets General Manager, Sandy Alderson said he had “absolutely no recollection” of any conversation in which Tony La Russa, then as manager in Oakland, approached him, as the team’s GM, with suspicions that some of their players were using steroids, as La Russa said in a published report last weekend.
I spent a lot of time thinking about those kinds of circumstances over the years, particularly eight or nine years ago,” Alderson said. “I have absolutely no recollection whatsoever of any such conversation.”
The need for emphasis is what weakens his denial.
"I spent a lot of time thinking..." is truthful. It is when he moves to the present tense that the statement has sensitivity indicators.  
What would a truthful denial sound like?
"I don't recall speaking about..."

Alderson's job utilizes negotiations, which presupposes the withholding of information. His language often shows deception, via withholding information.  It is expected. 

Here, however, he was responding to a specific conversation; one of great importance and although 'common sense' (if it still exists) says, "he knows!" but it is in the Statement Analysis principle following that we are able to show, within his own language, that he is deceptive about not remembering. 
We are hoping to expand our Statement Analysis services to include audio files, transcription services, and  online courses available via download.

If you would like to help:

 

Robbery Statement With Emphasis

On Aug 6 at 4:45 AM I got up, from there I got dressed, brushed my teeth did my hair and
make-up, then sat around until 5:15 AM had a smoke, started my car and left for work.  I
arrived there at 5:25 AM and open the doors.  turned on my lights & pump pumps, then took
my numbers to do my Shift Check after that I open the safe and began to do my paperwork
form the day before, my stepfather came there at ruffley 10 to or 5 to 6:00 AM and I stood
there and told him we I didn’t start the coffee yet and then left for work them went back to
doing my cash, When I felt to someone touch me and say give me the money I have a family
to feed to and said don’t turn around and then I froze.  I bundled the money and passed it to

the man.

Here is the same statement, with emphasis added.  Does this impact your previous analysis?


On Aug 6 at 4:45 AM I got up, from there I got dressed, brushed my teeth did my hair and
make-up, then sat around until 5:15 AM had a smoke, started my car and left for work.  I
arrived there at 5:25 AM and open the doors.  turned on my lights & pump pumps, then took
my numbers to do my Shift Check after that I open the safe and began to do my paperwork
form the day before, my stepfather came there at ruffley 10 to or 5 to 6:00 AM and I stood
there and told him we I didn’t start the coffee yet and then left for work them went back to
doing my cash, When I felt to someone touch me and say give me the money I have a family
to feed to and said don’t turn around and then I froze.  I bundled the money and passed it to

the man.


Monday, July 28, 2014

Arrest in Abigail Hernandez Case


Arrest made in Abigail Hernandez case

Nathaniel E. Kibby, 34, is seen in an undated photo released by the New Hampshire Attorney General's office.  Police in New Hampshire on Monday arrested Kibby on charges of kidnapping 15-year-old Abigail Hernandez, who disappeared from her small town in the White Mountains last fall and reappeared mysteriously last week.
New Hampshire Attorney General's office
Nathaniel E. Kibby, 34, is seen in an undated photo released by the New Hampshire Attorney General's office. Police in New Hampshire on Monday arrested Kibby on charges of kidnapping 15-year-old Abigail Hernandez, who disappeared from her small town in the White Mountains last fall and reappeared mysteriously last week.
Abigail Hernandez
WGME
Abigail Hernandez
GORHAM, New Hampshire — Police have made an arrest in the Abigail Hernandez kidnapping case.
34-year-old Nathaniel E. Kibby of Gorham, New Hampshire, has been arrested and charged with one count of felony kidnapping, accused of knowingly confining Hernandez on Oct. 9, 2013, in Conway, New Hampshire.
“Law enforcement officers have worked around the clock to ascertain the facts and circumstances surrounding Abigail’s disappearance and return. Abigail Hernandez provided the police with details of her kidnapping sufficient to warrant today’s arrest,” said Joseph Foster, New Hampshire’s attorney general.
Kibby will be arraigned at 1 p.m. Tuesday at the 3rd Circuit, District Division, Conway District Court, in Conway, New Hampshire.
Zenya Hernandez, Abigail Hernandez’s mother, said in a statement that her daughter is in “deteriorated health” and is still not eating solid foods.
Hernandez reportedly returned home last weekend. She was reported missing in October.
Abigail Hernandez issued the following statement early Monday: “I wish that I could personally thank everyone who looked for me. My gratitude is beyond words. It’s an incredible feeling to be home and I believe in my heart that your hopes and prayers played a major role in my release. Thank you all for the welcome home.”

Robbery Statement for Analysis


On Aug 6 at 4:45 AM I got up, from there I got dressed, brushed my teeth did my hair and
make-up, then sat around until 5:15 AM had a smoke, started my car and left for work.  I
arrived there at 5:25 AM and open the doors.  turned on my lights & pump pumps, then took
my numbers to do my Shift Check after that I open the safe and began to do my paperwork
form the day before, my stepfather came there at ruffley 10 to or 5 to 6:00 AM and I stood
there and told him we I didn’t start the coffee yet and then left for work them went back to
doing my cash, When I felt to someone touch me and say give me the money I have a family
to feed to and said don’t turn around and then I froze.  I bundled the money and passed it to

the man.

Saturday, July 26, 2014

The Personal Prison of Liars

                            The Personal Prison of Lies
                                                        by Peter Hyatt

This is a sad article, but one of reality from observation and experience.

Readers of Statement Analysis are not the "low information voter" we often hear about in our day.
Readers are known by their comments, even when politically charged.  Rare is the comment that is more suited for a bumper sticker than an argument.

Thus I write to those readers who have cared enough to learn, not simply about a specific case, but to learn a new skill.

Readers who stumble here because of a case are welcome, but it was "the conclusion of the matter" that they sought.  "Was he lying, yes or no?" whereas regular commentators were not only concerned with the principles that drew the conclusion, but that I, as author, continue to follow principle, and "prove it" time and time again.

Hey, it's hard to be right so often.

Yet, it is exciting to know that the principles followed are evenly applied and "scientific", in that, this is not about, "hey did you see how she averted her eyes, and her face muscle twitched?" in a manner that cannot be applied consistently.  Commentators are not afraid to call me upon the carpet and demand answers.

Good for them.

I often say (and will, as readers have helped me move another step towards recorded lessons) "he who asserts must prove" and even the socialists among us enjoy this.  It is where we find unity in a day when our nation is more divided in any time since The War of Northern Aggression, I mean, the War Between the States.

Liars.

Liars are something we agree upon.

Liars on both sides of our political divide.

We almost must elect "he who lies least" in our day.  Sad, but so.

Yet, what of those you have met?

What of those that you have, over time, discerned, using the skills you learned here?

For some of you, the skills were already there; I simply applied principle to your intuition, and even as I state this, you are aware that I am in the debt of one, Avinoam Sapir, of LSI, who brought forth the incredible research and tied it in a package of which all stripes of investigators have come to love, and benefit from.  Some have stolen from him, without even a nod, while others, myself included, make certain that the public knows where the master trainer and author can be found.  This is why I regularly post his website, in case you wondered.  LSISCAN

You've learned and you have grown, regardless of source, and you have encountered someone in your personal or professional life who is a liar.

A liar.

A fabricator of reality, known, not for a single lie in a moment of weakness, something we all do, and must be remorseful and turn from, but one who cannot turn it off, any better than Statement Analysis can be silenced in the mind of who has practiced heavily upon.  The liar.  The one who is not only known for his or her lying, but something else.  Hence, or as Patsy wrote, "And hence...", the target of my article.

The Prisoner. 

The Liar, the one who lies regularly, is known for two things:

1.  Lying when lying is not necessary
2.  Projection

1.  Lying when there is no cause to lie is a sign of a habitual, or lifetime liar.  This is the one who learned in childhood and has lied, likely learning to lie just to survive in the most formative years, and who will lie even when it is not necessary to do so.

This is the one who, perhaps, suffered abuse before the age of 5, and learned to survive by her wits, and learned the "reward"of the lie; that is, she got away with it.

Because she felt the rush of success when she lied, and saw that she got away with it, her confidence in lying surged, which by consequence, meant her opinion of others fell, after all, "I must be smarter than this teacher.  I lied and she didn't catch me."

This spreads until there are life long consequences in the formation of the personality:

2.  Projection

a.  Contempt
b.  Suspicion

a.  Contempt.

The liar holds us all in contempt.  She must to, by virtue of her success in lying. This is the precise reason the dopey liar will take and fail a polygraph:  she has deep and abiding faith in her ability to put one over you, and put one over me, so a machine should not be too much trouble.

Some will do this with a flashy smile.  Women will lie using sex appeal, just as a male, often seen as a sociopath, will use innate charm, coupled with lies, to accomplish his feats.

The contempt for us, belies the pride within self, which is often the source of the fall. The prideful sociopath is goaded, by police, into taking the polygraph when he knows he should not take it.

This contempt is a form of prison that the liar cannot break out of, but if this was not specifically a negative, other than the weak spot for the fall, there is a blaring negative that they can never escape:

b.  Suspicion.

The liar believes everyone is a liar.

It is this simple.

The liar can lose sleep just wondering who is plotting against her, just as she plots against others.

The liar finds no rest for his soul, as he thinks everyone will lie to him in business, even as he lies to everyone else in business.

The liar thinks the car salesman is out to get him, personally, and burns with rage over prices.

The liar thinks that an item purchased for $25, but later on sale for $20, was a personal insult and a "defeat" of sorts, and may seek to "pay back" the store, or person who made the $5 extra dollars.

The liar struggles with peace.  If the feeling of superiority is a positive (as they may not see it as a weak spot targeted by those smarter), the liar is fully aware that the feeling of suspicion is exhausting to the soul, as an incessant negative in life. It is a drain of energy.  It can either cost sleep, or cause too much sleep, as if to hide from the lies.  Hyper-suspicion, such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder sufferers know, is constant for the liar.  It is a personal prison.

Can you imagine going through life believing anyone and everyone is out to best you?  Can you imagine going through life without trust, or without rest?

It is a personal prison of loneliness, for even other habitual or pathological liars do not get along well with each other.

It is a most lonely prison.

As a mother, the liar is suspicious, and even jealous of, her own off spring.  It becomes a love-hate relationship and depending up which way the wind blows on any given morning, will depend on which is more dominant:

hate or love.

Love or hate.

But for you, astute readers who have learned, or have begun learning, to discern lies, it is a most sad and depressing observation.
"What can ya' do?

There is not much you can do, really, except perhaps, talk or write about it.  It is a sadness that you may have observed, and/or, you have may experienced.  I pity those of you who are employed or managed by a pathological liar.  There is little you can do to "prove" your honesty.  The liar cannot hear you.  The liar cannot understand you.  The liar believes you are beneath the liar's level of functioning in this world, and that you are to be manipulated and controlled, for whatever end is needed.  The end may be productivity at work, or it may even be a satisfaction of the liar's need to dominate and control.  It may be that the liar needs you to be the recipient of insult, affirming the "self esteem" of the liar by subordinating you.

This may be your lot in life, or, that is, the "crook in your lot" in life, as we all have them.

Is there any good news in all of this?

Some.

Yet it is that few care to hear what gold can await those who exercise patience with the liar.  It is not gold for the liar I speak of, but of you, the recipient of the prisoner's projection upon you.

I take from another here, as I stand upon the shoulders of others, mine own being in debt to others:

Patiently grow under the liar, with quietness of heart, knowing that you will not change him or her:  you will change within.

I attempted to explain this to my son, Sean, this morning.  I said:

"Pretend that you have a Little League coach who lies about you.  He says that he has to play his son over you because you were late to practice.  Then, he says that you cursed out a team mate, when you did not.  He slights you often, so that he can put his son into the game, though you belong there ahead of him."

This is a tough scenario for a 12 year old boy.  I continued:

"Son, consider that this coach is a special person in your life, gift wrapped just for you, to bring you such maturity that you did not dream yourself possible.  Consider that this coach is just for you and that each insulting blow that lands upon you, is being used to make you stronger, better, and deeper than possible through any other means.  Consider that each time you silently suffer, and I allow you to bear it, you are becoming a man. One day, you will find yourself so much stronger, and look back, and be thankful for this vicious and low minded coach.  Even while other parents are having fits and protests, your father is silently watching you embrace sanctified disappointments, and will be prepared for bigger and better things in life."

It was tough for him to follow this at age 12, so the best he was able to muster was, "I kinda understand, but I do trust you, Dad."

That's good enough for now.

The liar, if your supervisor, manager, or employer, is a "difficult taskmaster."

Be patient, however.  Continue to produce good work.  Don't get personal revenge and don't, please, just don't, point out the lies.  If you think your life is difficult, try pointing out how the liar's language gives him away, and you'll long for the day when you suffered in silence.

Continue to produce.

Some of the best in this world are those who have embraced the most difficult of lessons from the most harsh of instructors.

Your keen eyesight has come with a price to pay, as you hear the deception and the sadness that deception breeds.  Be silent, make note, and bear up well.  It will not last forever.  Come vent here, if it helps, even doing so anonymously.  There are those who will understand.  We'll be friends, even though you're always politically wrong, and I am always politically right. Or, even if we're not friends, you'll be able to laugh at the folly of politics and liars, with others, together, chuckling with that "knowing glance" that is understood.

"Peter's always wrong; that's what so right about him."  Heather.

You've heard that before.

See the personal prison of the liar, even when the liar appears to profit, and don't let your heart either envy, or become overwhelmed with the projected oppression that you are under.  Share here.

You'll be among those who understand.

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