seamusoriley.blogspot.com site) you've already known that we have covered Lance Armstrong for years and he has never given a reliable denial. It is a teaching that is often difficult to convince those in law enforcement to grasp.
A reliable denial sounds so simple that I find many in law enforcement dismiss it. As readers also know, law enforcement often scores poorly on lie detection testing (even with training) for a variety of reasons (sometimes talent is pulled away into the private sector due to higher pay, not enough training) but one that sticks out in many peoples' minds is "jaded" thinking.
This is especially common in larger populations.
They believe everyone is lying because they hear so much nonsense...
A reliable denial is made up of three components. If there are four components, or there are two components, it does not mean that the subject is lying, it means you are to deem the denial as "unreliable."
Unreliable does not mean deceptive, it simply means that the subject has not brought himself to the point of saying that which is more than 90% reliable.
The three components are:
I. The pronoun "I"
II. The past tense verb, "didn't" or "did not" (which has more emphasis, which Reid Institute claims is less reliable, but this is not the finding of SCAN, which is the foundation of all Statement Analysis taught today.
III. Event Specific
This means that the subject who is accused of stealing cash from a drawer at work will say "I didn't take the cash" without having to think through his statement. The thief will generally not say these words.
"I did not steal the cash" versus "I did not take the cash."
We avoid morally charged language in asking questions. There are those who have, in fact, stolen from their employers because they felt justified in their action. This is why the pre-screening interview for the polygraph is so important:
The polygraphed MUST enter the language of the subject.
A child molester once passed a polygraph because he was asked if he molested the child. He did molest the child but in his personal, internal subjective dictionary, he only "tickled" her.
It would have taken less than 30 minutes of 'chatting' with him to de-code his internal dictionary (remember President Clinton's statement? "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Ms. Lewinsky" had his internal dictionary preset to "sexual relations" meaning intercourse. He even discussed this with Monica Lewinsky beforehand. Oral sex, to him, was not "sexual relations" and he might have even been able to pass the polygraph.
When something is missing, we avoid "stole" and use "take" because some employees will steal but believe that the employer owed them something and taking the money only evened the score.
The deceptive person will say many things, which brings us to Lance Armstrong.
We have covered him for years and he was never able to bring himself to say
"I did not take PEDs."
Nope. He never did.
Few journalists were listening.
Now we learn that not only did he use PEDs, but he ran an empire of drugs, ranging from Europe to the United States, including bribery, money laundering and fixing races.
He followed the path of sociopathic liars: attacking his accusers.
He filed suits against others, knowing that lawyer fees would cause his accusers to break, and he could hold his financial breath longer than anyone.
His need to attack, however, was something we noted alongside his refusal to say "I did not use PEDs."
The word "never" in Statement Analysis.
The word "never" is not a reliable substitute for "did not", therefore, in questioning, we must seek to hone into a specific date and a specific event, in order to help the innocent subject avoid using the word "never" in his denial.
Here are some denials. Label them either "R" for Reliable, or "U" for unreliable.
1. "I've never used PEDs. "
2. "I'm the most tested athlete in sports."
3. "Never. I'm telling you, never, ever have I tested positive."
4. "I can't believe I am even being questioned. Who has been cleaner than me?"
5. "I did not use PEDS. I have never used PEDS and never will."
6. "I never did it."
7. "I am innocent."
8. "I am innocent. I didn't use PEDs. I have never used any illegal substances."
9. "I did not use banned substances."
10. "I did not use things claimed."
We now hear that Lance Armstrong paid $100,000 to win an early race in his career which brought a million dollar purse. The articles did not use many statements for analysis but given Armstrong's history, as well as his deceptive mea culpas (see the analysis of his Oprah appearance) and his history of sociopathic behavior, including destroying the lives of innocents), I will not be surprised should we learn it to be true.
Lance Armstrong, interviewed many times over many years, never once was able to bring himself to say the simplest of words, "I didn't use PEDs."
Yet, it is true.
Look through the archives here and in the retired blog.
He never said it.
"Never" is appropriate when speaking to an unspecific amount of time.