by Peter Hyatt
Casey Anthony's original police statement is now used around
the country for the purpose of learning. If you want to learn,
this is a great place to start. Once the few principles here
are learned, you may begin your journey by applying them
to each and every statement you encounter. You will see
how the principles will guide you to truth.
For those of you already familiar with the principles we use,
it is a great tool for practicing Statement Analysis, as we all
already know that Casey Anthony was lying about killing
her own daughter.
In the original statement we have the
first signals of deception to the police.
Within the initial statement we are able to discern
the nature of her deception. Within her
deception we also note what is missing:
verbal indicators of sexual homicide nor references to her own sexual abuse at the hands of George Anthony, as told us
by her lawyer, Jose Baez.
In sexual homicides, the subject often has references to water
that enter the statement. For a linguistic view of participation
in a sexual homicide, review the analysis of the statements of
Although everyone washes their hands, for instance, such
references are rare in police
statements, and when they appear, the analyst is now on alert
for sexual homicide,
molestation, rape, and so on. In child trafficking, or pimping
out a child, we would expect to see multiple references.
Here, we have plain deception to cover murder.
We have a cold-hearted sociopath of whom a child was an
inconvenience to her lifestyle and a source of anguish, as the
attention of Cindy Anthony passed Casey, and went on to
There isn't much mystery and theories proposing mystery will only set the stage for Casey
Anthony to sell a "tell all" book, (or movie) which will actually resemble
the statement following rather than the truth.
There are some mysteries that remain unsolved in the death of Caylee Anthony, in particular:
What was George Anthony's involvement post death?
When did Cindy Anthony know the body was in the woods?
What was Lee Anthony's need for immunity?
These are some of the questions that we will cover, via
statement analysis of their
statements and writings, including full analysis of George
letter. For now, let's start at the beginning, seeing what police
first saw, and applying the same principles to the statement of
Casey Anthony that we apply to all other statements.
I got off of work, left Universal driving back to pick up Caylee like a normal day. And I show up to the apartment knock on door nobody answers. So, I call Zeniada cell phone and it’s out of service. It says the phone is no longer in
service, excuse me. So, I sit down on the steps and wait for a little bit to see if maybe it was just a fluke if something happened and time passed and I didn’t hear
from anyone. No one showed up to the house so I went over to J. Blanchard Park and
checked a couple of other places where maybe possibly they would have gone;
couple stores, just regular places that I know Zenida shops at and she’s taken Caylee before. And after about 7:00 when I still hadn’t heard anything I was getting pretty upset, pretty frantic and I went to a neutral place. I didn’t really want to come home. I wasn’t sure what I would say about not knowing where Caylee was still hoping that I would get a call or you know find out that Caylee was coming back so that I could
go get her. And I ended up going to my boyfriend Anthony’s house who lives in
This is what police had to work from, initially. Although knowing Casey Anthony's lies, let's see what happens when we apply the same sensitivity signals to her original police statement. The most important thing to see is the color blue:
I got off of work, left Universal driving back to pick up Caylee like a normal day.The word "left" when used as a connecting verb (departing aplace) indicates missing information. This missing informationis 70% likely due to rushing, and 30% likely to be criticalmissing (deliberately withheld) information.In this case, we know she did not work at Universal.Q. Why was leaving Universal so very sensitive?A. Because she did not have a job there.Other than the leaving or departing of a place as being verysensitive in a statement, the reason why someone doessomething is the other level of extreme sensitivity. Whensomeone should simply tell us "what happened?" has aneed to tell us "why" something happened, it is, along with"left" to be considered the highest level of sensitivity ina statement. It sounds as if the subject anticipates beingasked why something was done, so she thinks to herself, "Ibetter tell they why I did this in case they ask me..."Here we have the 2nd indicator of the highest sensitivity as she tells us the reason why she had to drive "back" :"to pick up Caylee"It is, therefore, noted, that "picking up Caylee" is something that is extremely sensitive to Casey.Q. Why was driving back to pick up Caylee so very sensitive?A. Because Caylee was dead and not in need of being picked upNote "normal" day: this enters someone's language when they wish to portray the day as "normal" and is a signal that it wasanything but. It makes for good story telling, as even a youngreader knows that it is a signal that something abnormal orextraordinary is about to happen.And I show up to the apartment knock on door nobody answers.The word "And"is in the beginning of her sentence: thisindicates that there is missing information between thesentences."I show up" is deemed "unreliable" because it is in the presenttense.Q. Why is it in the present tense?A. Because Casey was making it up. There is no connectionto experiential memory."Nobody answers" is also in the present tense. There was noapartment so it is that she was also making this up, just as thelanguage employed suggests.As we progress, we see, already, enough indicators of sensitivity to conclude deception. Casey, however, is not finished:So, I call Zeniada cell phone and it’s out of service. It says the phone is no longer inservice, excuse me.Q. Why is calling Zenaida's cell phone given the color blue?A. Blue is the highest level of sensitivity in SCAN. It is givenfor only two reasons: 1. the leaving of a place 2. the reasonwhy.Here, it is extremely sensitive to Casey that she calledZeniada's cell phone.Q. Why is it so very sensitive to Casey that she calledZenaida's cell phone?A. Because Zenaida did not exist; therefore, her cell phonedid not exist.Another indicator of sensitivity is repetition. Anything that isrepeated is important to the subject. Here we see that thephone is out of service. This is sensitive to Zenaida.Q. Why is the phone being out of service sensitive?A. Because it did not exist and she needs to explain to thepolice why they will not be able to reach the cell. She appearsto be burying herself under an avalanche of lies.The jury, however, will see it otherwise.So, I sit down on the steps and wait for a little bit to see if maybe it was just a fluke if something happened and time passed and I didn’t hearfrom anyone.
This has now become a "Statement Analysis 101 Sample" for
training. It is useful for learning how to discern deception as
it is easy to use hindsight and the details after applying
What do you notice first about this portion of her statement?
training, it is likely that the reader caught this:
1. Casey reported what happened the day her daughter disappeared, and her statement should have been in the past tense. In her first 5 sentences, she is in the present tense. This is a strong indicator that not only is she lying, but she is making it up on "the fly" (the volume suggests this) and not everything is prepared. Later, through analysis, we saw that Casey did operate 'by the seat of her pants' having a high level of confidence in her own ability to deceive, which is what likely led to the controversy where she was examined by psychologists at the end of her trial, for fitness to testify.
It not only shows deception (present tense) but it now allows the analyst to enter into Casey Anthony's psychological profile, howbeit in a small manner: they are dealing with a confident liar; one who works as she goes along. This would give a strong indication to police, having never met Casey Anthony before, that they are dealing with, perhaps, a pathological liar, one who has had a great deal of success in childhood lying. It is a red flag of trouble.
She has been lying since she learned how to
Remember: a child is "missing" and what is the mother doing? She is lying.
If you continue your analysis, going by principle, you would have highlighted the word "left" for sensitivity.
2. The word "left" when used as a connecting verb is an indication of missing information.
When the word "left" is used as a connecting verb, the analyst recognizes missing information, and percentage wise:
70% is related to time pressure and 30% is sensitive and perhaps critical information.
Here is how:
"I was at work. I left work at 5PM."
The fact that the subject needs to tell us that he "left" is an indication that there is something on his mind. 70% of the time this is about time pressure, or traffic ahead of him, or, perhaps, he left a few minutes early from work. It is likely something due to time pressure and not critical.
But now watch how awkward the word "left" can be.
"I was in the living room. I left the living room and went to the bed room."
Here, the word "left" is highlighted as sensitive, as it is an indication of missing information. Why? Because if he was in the living room and went to the bedroom, he would not have to tell us that he "left"; as he must "leave" in order to reach a new room. Therefore, it is "extra" information; that is, a sentence can work without these words. "Extra" information is doubly important to the analyst. In the above statement, something happened to cause the subject to leave the living room. It could have been an argument, it could have been nefarious, it could have been innocent, but it is something that must be sought because there is missing information there.
3. Repetition. In Statement Analysis, any word repeated is 'sensitive' or important. The analyst would note repetition and ask "why would this word be sensitive to the subject?" Remember, the statement is NOT reality, it is the subject's version of reality. We are attempting to enter into the subject's reality.
If, in reality, the subject lies, we know the subject has a need to lie. This is critical. The word "disconnected" is repeated; it has significance to Casey Anthony and due to the already large number of sensitivity indicators, the analyst should question the veracity of the call.
4. "Normal" The word "normal" is highlighted in all statements. When someone refers to their own selves as "normal" it is an indication that they have been considered not "normal" (by themselves and/or others) in the past. When a day or event is "normal" in the subject's reality, it is an indication that the day (or event) is anything but normal.
5. Negative. Anything reported in the negative is important. It is the analyst's job to learn why something is sensitive. Here, Casey reveals high levels of sensitivity in reporting things in the negative. A truthful statement is not only first person singular, past tense, it tells what happened; not what did not happen, nor what was not thought, felt, etc. When someone tells us what did not happen, or what was not thought, it is to be highlighted as sensitive to the subject.
Note: "nobody answers" is in the negative. We often see this in theft. "I saw nobody run across the lawn..." sounds silly, but it is an indicator that either the subject is in fiction mode OR he did see someone run across the lawn.
She also says, "I didn't hear from anyone" is not only in the negative, but Zanaida has now been referenced as "anyone".
6. Change of language should represent reality and if there is no apparent change in reality, there is likely deception.
7. "Because" We highlight any words that explain rather than report, as sensitive. "So, since, therefore, because, hence, and hence (Patsy Ramsey), etc" are all highlighted as the subject is no longer telling us what happened, but telling us why something happened. This is sensitive.
8. Body posture: We highlight "sit, stood, stand, sitting, standing, ect" as sensitive because when body posture enters a statement, it is often an indicator of strain or tension.
9. "And" is highlighted as an indicator that the subject has more information about the sentence that has not been revealed.
10. Temporal Lacunae "time passed" Casey said. A temporal lacunae is sensitive as the subject has jumped over time and is withholding information. Samples: "and the next thing I know..." and so on. They are always flagged for sensitivity.
From just this small portion of her statement to police we have highlighted multiple indicators of sensitivity, and we have only just begun.
Thus far, we do not have indicators of sexual criminality within her statement. If this was part of a sexual homicide, we may have found an indicator. Had Caylee drowned in a pool, we would have
likely seen indicators, including "leaving" the house where
George Anthony was.
Had she been drowned, we would expect to see it creep into her langauge since her language is her version of reality, and would have been a dominant theme for her.
No one showed up to the house so I went over to J. Blanchard Park and checked a couple of other places where maybe possibly they would have gone; ( ) couple stores, just regular
places that I know Zenida shops at and she’s taken Caylee before.
"No one showed up" as "no one" and "nobody" does not exist.
Here we have her explaining the reason "why" she went
to the park. She would go on to say "Caylee loved the park." in the past tense, only to correct herself with "Caylee loves the
If you did nothing except color code this statement, you would
find more than 2 "blues" on the paper, which is called a
"cluster of blues" allowing you to see the extreme sensitive
nature of the statement.
And after about 7:00 when I still hadn’t heard anything I was
getting pretty upset, pretty frantic and I went to a neutral place.
Emotions in a statement.
Emotions in a statement are often an indication that someone is telling the truth; reliving the experience. It is, therefore,
the location of the emotions that indicates to us whether
or not the person is being truthful or deceptive.
Principle: When emotions are placed in the logical or
"perfect" part of the story, it is a strong indication that they
have been placed there artificially, indicating deception.
Q. Why does placing the emotions in the story, where they
appear to belong, make it deceptive?
A. In truthful statements, emotions are found after the main
event. Psychologically, it takes humans time to process our
emotions. If someone was held up at gunpoint, for example,
she may write about the experience, and if from truth,
the adrenaline of "survival" hormones means that after the
danger has passed, the person considers her emotions. In the
above account, a truthful recalling would have three sections:
1. Pre event: what happened just before
2. Main event: the hold up
3. Post event; what happened after the event, calling 911, and
the inclusion of emotions.
The account may be counted by either lines, or words used.
Truthful accounts have the following breakdown:
25% of the words or lines are what happened just before
50% of the words or lines are what happened
25% of the words or lines are what happened afterwards.
Anything that strongly deviates from this is to be considered
"Deceptive on its Form."
Emotions in truthful statements are found in the last portion.
For an easy example of this, search on Tiffany Hartley. She
uses lots of emotions in her description, and the emotions
are placed in the 'perfect' or 'logical' portion of her
statement indicating artificial placement.
I didn’t really want to come home. I wasn’t sure what I would say about not knowing where Caylee was still hoping that I would get a call or you know find out that Caylee was coming back so that I could
go get her.
First, notice anything in the negative as important.
Note also that she didn't "really"; indicating that she was
conflicted about going home.
Note "come" home and not "go" home.
Caylee "coming back" so that Casey could pick her up is of the highest sensitivity to Casey.
Q. Why is picking up Caylee of the highest sensitivity?
A. Because Caylee is dead and cannot be picked up.
And I ended up going to my boyfriend Anthony’s house who lives
in Sutton Place.
"ended up" is passive language. She uses passive language to
conceal identity or responsibility. Here, she does not want to
say that she wanted to go to Tony's while Caylee was missing
so she uses the passive "ended up" as if it was something that
was beyond her control or responsibility.
Casey was writing to the police. This is her written statement.
The rule of social introductions is the same in analysis as it is
"my boyfriend, Anthony" has 3 components:
1. Possessive pronoun: my
2. Title: boyfriend
3. Name: Anthony
This is an indication of a good relationship. This is how she
perceives him, even using his full name, "Anthony" rather
than the common, "Tony."
Her perception of the relationship was very high according to
This was confirmed later when she was in jail she wanted
to talk to Tony rather than talk about Caylee or talk to
her parents, or even a lawyer. She only wanted to talk to
This reminds us to look at all the names in a statement. We
look at all names, including pets, as some people love their
pets more than humans. We also list phones or calls (texts,
emails) with names. (Phones don't call people: there is a
person behind the phone call, text, email).
We note how each person is introduced indicating the quality
of the relationship.
We note the order in which people are introduced as well.
When Casey wrote about not "really" wanting to come home
it is her parents (and brother) who live there.
They are not mentioned by name.
Yet, she said that she did not know what she would "say"; this
is communicative language. In order for her to "say" anything,
there must be someone to say something to.
At "home" were her parents. She brings up the fact that she
didn't know what she would "say", indicating her parents'
She gives no social introduction to her parents which indicates
to us that the relationship with them is a very bad relationship.
As to those who know the story and watched the trial, this
is an understatement. She went many months refusing to
take a visit or phone call from them.
Later, Cindy Anthony, her mother, would perjure, boldly,
and without Florida prosecuting her for it, to set the killer
of her granddaughter free.
She did this while making an oath to God, to tell the truth.