Friday, February 7, 2014
Rafael Palmiero Denial of Steroids
With the death of Ralph Kiner, baseball is in the headlines, though Spring Training remains two weeks away, which reminded me to re-visit the topic of denials in Statement Analysis.
Here, we have the word "never" which is not to be substituted for "did not" or "didn't."
Baseball player, Rafael Palmiero employed the word "never" instead of "did not" in his denial. Much is made of his finger wagging, as he feels the need to make emphasis, reminiscent of President Clinton's now famous denial.
"Never" is an appropriate response if one is asked, "Have you ever..." but it is to be deemed by the analysis "unreliable" in an open statement. It does not conclude deception, but the analyst must have more sample to go upon. An innocent person will use the pronoun "I" and the reliable "did not" or "didn't" (even more casual) along with the specific detail "use steroids..." often without making his audience wait.
Why do liars use "never" in their denials?
I don't know with certainty, but it may have something to do with the vagueness of time, spreading out the stress over a lengthy period. Could it be that the liar is concentrating on a specific time period, for example, when he did not use steroids as he speaks this sentence? Perhaps.
Lance Armstrong always avoided "did not" in his denials, instead, clinging to "never" repeatedly. Sometimes he went to passive language with "Never happened. Look at me. Never happened." This was spoken to a friend who was bike riding alongside of him.
"Never, never, never!" Joey Buttafuouco regarding Amy Fischer.
We also find that "never" is joined by "ever" highlighting the lack of confidence in the statement, as it has a need to persuade.
Our words reveal us.